Вариант 1. Заполните пропуски в предложениях одним из слов, предложенных ниже
- ID: 52018
- 8 страниц
1. Прочитайте и переведите письменно текст.
If you work, you've probably got a bank account. You could keep the money you earn each month in a box under your bed, but it wouldn't be very sensible. One reason is that it's not very safe. If your house gets burgled, you'll lose everything you've saved. Another reason is that your money will lose value.
As prices rise, the money in a box under your bed will be able to buy fewer and fewer things. Money in a bank savings account, however, will earn interest. The interest will help compensate for the effect of in-flation. But banks are more than just safe places for your money. What other services do they offer?
The other main service is lending money. Individuals and businesses often need to borrow money, and they need a lender that they can trust. This is exactly what banks are - reliable lenders. In fact, most of the money that people deposit in their bank accounts is immediately lent out to someone else.
Apart from storing and lending money, banks offer other financial services. Most of these are ways of making money more accessible to customers. For example, banks help people transfer money securely. They give customers cheque books and credit cards to use instead of cash. They provide ATM machines so that people can get cash any time of the day or night.
But how do banks make a living? Basically, they make a living by charging interest on loans. Of course, when you make a deposit into a bank savings account, the bank pays you interest on that money.
However, the rate they pay savers is less than the rate they charge borrowers. The extra money they make by charging interest on loans is where banks earn most of their money. For banks, interest is also a kind of security. Sometimes people do not pay back money they borrow. This is called defaulting on a loan. When someone defaults on a loan, the bank uses money earned from interest to cover the loss.
All of this means that most of the money people have saved in the bank is not there at all! A small amount of the total savings is kept by the bank so that customers can make withdrawals. The rest, however, is made available for loans. The amount that is kept is called the reserve.
The reserve must be a certain percentage of all the savings received from customers - for example 20 per cent. This figure is set by the central bank, and this is one of the ways that governments can control the amount of money circulating in the economy. …
2. Ответьте письменно на вопросы по тексту.
a) What are the two reasons for saving your money in a bank?
There are two reasons for saving your money in a bank. One reason is that it's very safe. Another reason is that your money will not lose value.
b) Why do people borrow money from banks?
c) What other financial services do banks provide?
d) How do banks make a living?
e) What is a reserve? How big can it be?
3. Заполните пропуски в предложениях одним из слов, предложенных ниже. Перепишите полные предложения и переведите их на русский язык.
withdrawal ATM interest credit savings central deposit reserve default inflation
a) When you make a deposit you put money into your account.
Когда Вы открываете депозит, Вы размещаете денежные средства на своем счету.
4. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на функции инфинитива.
a) The purpose of each business process is to offer each customer the right product or service.
Цель любой организации бизнеса состоит в том, чтобы предложить каждому клиенту хороший товар или услугу.
5. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на формы и функции герундия.
a) The increase in government spending and borrowing will have some effect on the rate of interest.
Увеличение правительственных расходов и займы повлияют на процент.
6. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на формы и функции причастия.
a) A country wishing to limit its population may discourage immigration and encourage emigration.
Желание страны ограничить население может затруднить иммиграцию и поощрить эмиграцию.
7. Переведите предложения на русский язык, обращая внимание на типы условных предложений.
a) If incomes are rising, the demand for most goods and services will tend to increase.
Если доходы повысятся, то спрос на большинство товаров и услуг будет иметь тенденцию к увеличению.